Financial Fair Play: Which Teams Have Been Punished?

In a rather hollow attempt to level the playing field (at least, as much as you can nowadays), UEFA’s Financial Fair Play has been in use for the best part of the last decade, to prevent clubs from spending more than they earn, thus threatening their long-term financial stability.

FFP takes into account both incomings (i.e. gate receipts, advertising, disposal of tangible fixed assets, player sale, prize money, TV revenue) and outgoings (i.e. transfers, financial costs, writing off initial costs of transfers, finance costs, dividends).

Sanctions have been issued against clubs who haven’t followed its regulations, including disqualification from the European competitions, fines, the withholding of prize money and player transfer bans.

But which clubs have fallen foul of FFP? And why can some others seemingly circumvent the rules? Here’s the full list:

  • Vojvodina – fined €10,000 (December 21, 2012)
  • Arsenal Kyiv – fined €45,000 (December 21, 2012)
  • Osijek – fined €100,000 (December 21, 2012)
  • Dinamo București – fined €100,000 (December 21, 2012)
  • Rapid București – fined €100,000 (December 21, 2012). Missed deadline to pay outstanding payments and was handed a one-season ban from European competition (March 31, 2013).
  • Hajduk Split – fined €40,000 (December 21, 2012). Withheld prize money for not paying outstanding payments (September 20, 2013)
  • Malaga – fined €300,000 and handed a one-season ban from European competition (March 31, 2013)
  • Astra Ploiești – withheld prize money for not paying outstanding payments (September 20, 2013)
  • Metalurh Donetsk – withheld prize money for not paying outstanding payments (September 20, 2013). Handed a one-season ban from European competition and fined €80,000 (December 20, 2013).
  • Skonto – withheld prize money for not paying outstanding payments (September 20, 2013). Handed a one-season ban from European competition and fined €40,000 (December 20, 2013).
  • Trabzonspor – withheld prize money for not paying outstanding payments (September 20, 2013)
  • Zrinjski Mostar – withheld prize money for not paying outstanding payments (September 20, 2013)
  • Petrolul Ploiești – handed a one-season ban from European competition and fined €50,000 (December 20, 2013).
  • Pandurii Târgu Jiu – fined €40,000 (December 20, 2013)
  • Śląsk Wrocław – fined €20,000 (December 20, 2013)
  • Anzhi Makhachkala – fined €2 million, of which €1 million was suspended. Squad for UEFA competitions reduced to 21 players, and one-year squad salary restrictions imposed (May 16, 2014)
  • Bursaspor – fined €200,000 fine, and one-year squad salary restrictions imposed (May 16, 2014)
  • Galatasaray – fined €200,000, and one-year squad salary restrictions imposed (May 16, 2014)
  • Levski Sofia – fined €200,000, and one-year squad salary restrictions imposed (May 16, 2014)
  • Rubin Kazan – fined €6 million, of which €3 million was suspended. Squad for UEFA competitions reduced to 21 players, and transfer spending restrictions and two-year squad salary restrictions imposed (May 16, 2014)
  • Trabzonspor – fined €200,000, and one-year squad salary restrictions imposed (May 16, 2014)
  • Zenit Saint Petersburg – fined €12 million fine, of which €6 million was suspended. Squad for UEFA competitions reduced to 22 players, and transfer spending restrictions and two-year squad salary restrictions were imposed (May 16, 2014)
  • Paris Saint-Germain – find €60 million, of which €40 million was suspended. Squad for UEFA competitions reduced to 21 players, and transfer spending restrictions and two-year squad salary restrictions imposed (May 16, 2014)
  • Manchester City – fined €60 million, of which €40 million was suspended. Squad for UEFA competitions reduced to 21 players, and transfer spending restrictions and two-year squad salary restrictions imposed (May 16, 2014)
  • Astana – fined €2 million, of which €1.5 million was suspended. Squad for UEFA competitions reduced to 22 players, and transfer spending restrictions imposed. Required to break even by 2018 (May 20, 2016)
  • Dinamo Zagreb – fined €200,000. Squad for UEFA competitions reduced to 23 players, and required to break even by 2016 (May 20, 2016)
  • Fenerbahçe – fined €7.5 million, of which €5.5 million was suspended. Squad for UEFA competitions reduced to 22 players. Transfer spending restrictions imposed, required to reach a defined employee benefit expenses to revenue ratio, and required to break even by 2019 (May 20, 2016)
  • Trabzonspor – fined €2 million, of which €1 million was suspended. Squad for UEFA competitions reduced to 22 players. Transfer spending restrictions imposed, required to reach a defined employee benefit expenses to revenue ratio, and required to break even by 2018 (May 20, 2016)
  • AC Milan – banned from European competitions for a year (June 28, 2019)

Are Some Clubs Getting Away With It, And How?

There is a well-documented theory that FFP basically robs from the poor and gives to the rich, thus keeping the strongest forces strong. Their lofty positions in football’s order are solidified, and competition slows to a trickle.

Interestingly, the first three European clubs to fully agree with FFP were also three of its biggest (Manchester United, Real Madrid and Bayern Munich). The regulations will just increase their power and are designed to alleviate the threat of their dominance across the continent from clubs like Paris Saint-Germain or Manchester City.

And yet, despite taking one of the biggest hits from FFP, Man City are also one of the clubs accused of finding loopholes. German publication Das Spiegel reported that the club, which is owned by the United Arab Emirates government, have manipulated contracts along with their sponsors to pass the regulations.

It is also reported that City owner Sheikh Mansour provided additional funds to existing sponsorship deals in Abu Dhabi (where he is a member of the Royal Family) to drive more money into the club. Operations essentially involving another party, as with PSG’s deals with the Qatari Investment Group, are considered especially suspect.

Then, in November 2018, Das Spiegel again published leaked documents and emails against City, alleging they misled UEFA by not revealing it had directed money to the club from its owner Sheikh Mansour via sponsors linked to him, and artificially inflated the value of their commercial income to help them comply with the FFP rules requiring clubs to break even.

Though City deny any wrongdoing, if they are found guilty, their place in European competition could be under threat.

Read More:

DISCOVER: Best Gifts for Football Fans

Bestseller No. 1
Football 3D Lamp, QpenguinBabies 3D Night Light for Boys, Football Bedside Light 7 Colors Change, Football Lamp for Boys Kids Adults
  • ❤CREATIVE 3D VISUALS ROOM DECOR: This is a 3D illusion light that displays football when it lights up, and an optical acrylic flat board carved with laser light gives you amazing 3D visuals. The 3d night light itself actually is flat but can creates an innovative 3D visual artistic atmosphere light. This is sure to surprise and impress your children and guests. Amazing optical visual illusion home football lamp makes your room more interesting.
  • ❤7 COLORS CHANGING WITH SMART TOUCH: By acrylic light guide and the LED colorful source, LED football light can export a variety of color visual effects with a touch of the button on the base. This 3D LED illusion lamp has 7 different colors for you to change and choose, easily realizing your colourful 3D visual illusion depending on your mood or surrounding. Then the 8th touch to turn on makes it into the random colors.
  • ❤A GUARANTEE OF QUALITY SLEEP: The kids lamp adopts newly designed ABS lamp holder and environment-friendly acrylic material, which is strong and high in toughness. 3D illusion lamp football is the most suitable bedside decoration lamps for infants and children. The light of table desk lamp is soft and bright, let your lovely child feel warm and have a good sleep at night.
  • ❤LONG LASTING & ENERGY SAVING: Give your child a 3d football light to satisfy his curiosity about the unknown area. Durable ABS base in which there are 9 LED beads, powered by 5V USB cable connected to computer, laptop or your household adaptor. Power dissipation: 0.012kw.h/24 hours; LED Life span: 10000hours. This football night light for boys takes less energy, and even turns it on all night.
  • ❤FOOTBALL GIFTS FOR BOYS: The beautifully designed gift boxes with our colour changing lamp are not only the best football toys for young football fans, but also the best Christmas gifts for children on birthdays, Birthdays, Thanksgiving, weddings, anniversaries, baby gifts, farewell parties, New Year's day and other best gifts for your family and friends.
Bestseller No. 2
Eat Sleep Football Repeat Funny Unisex Kids Adults Hoodie Jumper Sport Royal Blue
  • Premium 80% Cotton 20% Polyester
  • Handprinted in the UK using the latest DTG Printing
  • Size Guide Chest Measurements: Small 35-37", Medium 38-40", Large 41-43", XL 44-46", XXL 47-49"
  • Great Value With No Compromise
  • Machine Washable
SaleBestseller No. 3
BrainBox - Football - Card Game
  • BrainBox Football is the 10-minute brain challenge that'll test your football knowledge while developing your memory and observation skills
  • Each of its 54 cards features fun facts about a beloved football club; try to memorise everything that you see and read before flipping over the card to answer questions
  • You won't only be learning about famous players and stadiums but also keeping an eye out for details. Can you remember if the penalty spot was visible?
  • Made with a minimum of 70 Percent recycled materials, this green and travel-friendly game is a quick-playing delight that's good for play with family or groups of friends
  • 1+ Players | Ages 8+ | 10 Minute Playing Time
SaleBestseller No. 4
Mitre Scriball Personaliseable Mini Football, Zultz
  • Collect it, colour it, play it, an ideal gift for boys and girls whatever the occasion
  • Mini football with five colouring pens for distinct colouring-in fun
  • Includes ball pump and stand to proudly display their handiwork
  • But it isn’t just for colouring in, it also encourages children to get into the garden for a kickabout
Bestseller No. 5
Kuyou Football Kick Trainer, Soccer Training Aid for Kids and Adults Hands Free Solo Practice,Volleyball/Rugby Training Equipment, Universal Fits #3#4#5 Footballs (Yellow)
  • ⚽ Pratice And Enjoy - Perfect solo soccer trainer with premium quality and adjustable cord stretching up to 18 ft.Also comes with a durable tethered waistband, Enjoy praticing and improving your skills of control ball, shooting, passing, receiving, dribbling, throw-in like without chasing and pressured all around
  • ⚽ Universal fits different sized balls-The football elastic band includes 5 velcro straps, the length of the velcro has 28cm, suitable ball size of 3, 4 and 5 ball.Players of all levels can gain more soccer skills through using this soccer training equipment
  • ⚽ Flexible and Adjustable - The football training kit's belt strap is adjustable to fit waist sizes (33"-39").The elastic strap stretches 6ft -18 ft.Flexible adjustment of the ball length for better praticing and playing in backyard,playground and park for kids and adults
  • ⚽ Develop Confidence - Shooting, passing, receiving, throw-ins, all of these ball control skills can obtain by training with this solo soccer kick trainer.Develop your confidence by improve the accuracy of the goal for each game
  • ⚽ 100% Satisfaction After-sales Service: Kuyou promise to provide you the best option for outdoor articles. Please email us if you have any question, we will reply in 24 working hours
SaleBestseller No. 6
100 PICS Football Stars Travel Game - Guess 100 Players, Flash Card Quiz, Pocket Puzzles For Kids And Adults
  • 100 FOOTBALL STARS TO GUESS. A fun footy game with photos of some of the world’s most recognisable football stars.
  • POCKET-SIZED AND PACKED WITH FUN. Look at the letter clues and open the four doors to unveil a star footballer. Guess the name and then slide to reveal the answer.
  • PERFECT PRESENT OR STOCKING FILLER for any football lovers. Play alone or with friends and family (age 8 plus).
  • HANDY TRAVEL ACTIVITY. Fits neatly into your pocket or bag. Hours of screen-free entertainment - play in the back of the car, in restaurants, planes and trains.
  • BOOST YOUR BRAIN. 100 PICS flash card games help improve vocabulary, spelling, and memory. Recommended by The Good Toy Guide.
Bestseller No. 7
The Pyjama Factory Boys Eat Sleep Football Repeat Long Cotton Pyjamas (11-12 Years) Black
  • Eat Sleep Footbal Long Cotton Pyjamas with Long cuffed legs with lovely football all over design. These will go down well with all football mad boys .
Bestseller No. 8
Cadbury Dairy Milk Hollow Chocolate Football, 256 g
  • Hollow Chocolate Football
  • Premier League Edition made with milk chocolate
  • Made with the delicious Cadbury Dairy Milk Chocolate
  • Our cocoa beans are sourced through the Cocoa Life Sustainability Program
  • Suitable for Vegetarians
Bestseller No. 9
Smart Ball SBCB1B Football Gift for Boys Girls Age 3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,12+ Years Old Kick Up Counting Power Ball with Glow Lights and Sounds Training Kids, White & Blue
  • AMAZING COUNTING FOOTBALL: Introducing the latest innovation in football, Smart Ball Kick up Counting Football with lights and sounds This amazing counting football allows you to challenge yourself and your friends to see who can achieve more tricks Use your feet, legs, knees, chest and shoulders to keep the Smart Ball from hitting the ground and it will count each time it makes contact with you.
  • FEATURES LIGHTS AND SOUNDS: As you reach key milestones Smart Ball will speak words of encouragement to spur you on as you challenge yourself to keep the ball in the air, and for even more fun, the Smart Ball lights up each time it comes into contact with your body.
  • CHALLENGE FRIENDS: Compete with your friends to see who can get closest to the magic 100 kick ups
  • PERFECT GIFT FOR FOOTBALL FANS: Whether you are looking for a Birthday gift, Christmas gift or other event, the Smart Ball Kick Up Counting Football is the perfect gift for football fans aged 6 years and over
  • PRACTISE: Great for practising your kick ups and freestyling skills
SaleBestseller No. 10
92 Club Football Grounds Collect and Scratch Off Travel Map - Maps International - 29 x 42cm
  • FOOTBALL STADIUMS: Scratch off map of the 92 major football grounds around England reveals the coloured team kit underneath on the detailed large wall map.
  • HIGH QUALITY: The scratch off travel map is printed on premium 170gsm silk art paper with gold scratch map coating, and measures 29 (w) x 42 (h) cm.
  • UNIQUE GIFT: This scratch off travel map is the perfect gift for football fans who can use the large wall map to log their visits to other grounds.
  • CREASE-FREE DELIVERY: Your scratch off map is rolled in a tube for delivery, so it arrives ready to display.
  • MAPS INTERNATIONAL: Our philosophy of ‘cartographic excellence’ combines detail, design and high quality finishes in a range of stunning wall maps.
SaleBestseller No. 11
Baztoy JT811 Kids Toys Air Power Soccer Ball Games Indoor Football Gifts for Boys Girls with Soft Foam Bumpers and Colorful LED Lights - Black
  • Premium quality: Made of non-toxic plastic, soft bumper foam edging, flexible, safe and no hurt
  • Novel design: Combines hockey and soccer features into one ball, which allows you to play in various ways. Glides on any smooth surface, floats on a cushion of air, how interesting!
  • Colorful led lights: Equipped with LED lights, blinks red and blue lights in darkness, brings more fun for kids, making the game more exciting, requires 4 x 1.5v AA batteries (Not included).
  • Fun time: Suitable for indoor and outdoor to play for fun, soft and safe toys for kids to play with friends or pets, also, good family games for kids to play with parents together.
  • Funny gifts toys: Air Power Soccer is not only a fun toy, but also a fantastic Birthday gift, Christmas gift for kids, most importantly, the most special football gifts for boys.
Bestseller No. 12
Fancy A Snuggle Eat. Sleep. Football. Repeat. Footy Kids Boys/Girls T-Shirt Royal Blue 9-11 Year Old
  • Original TM Licensed T-Shirt
  • Short Sleeve
  • Machine Washable
  • Rib crew neck with taped neckline for comfort
SaleBestseller No. 13
Kids Water Bottle by elefunkie – Football Gifts for Boys – Unique Water Bottle for Kids, Collapsible - Childrens Water Bottle, BPA Free - Boys Water Bottle 500ml, Free eBook Name Tag…
  • NO NASTY CHEMICALS: Our kids drinking bottle is BPA FREE & LFGB certified so you know your children are safe making the perfect football water bottle. The strong food-grade silicone ensures this kids drinks bottle is safe and a great football gift or boys birthday gift
  • EVERYDAY I’M GUZZLIN’: Do your kids drink enough water? With a capacity of 500ml, up to 4 refills of this kids bottle is enough for their daily intake to be met. The flip-top spout makes the elefunkie childrens drinks bottle practical as well.
  • FUNKY & FUNCTIONAL: Stunning football design you won’t find on another drinks bottles for kids. And when it’s all said and done, collapse it and put it away. Truly a unique gift for boys & girls and great as a birthday gift for boys
  • DROP RESISTANT & LEAKPROOF: When did the last boys drinks bottle you bought lasted a whole school year? The elefunkie kids sport bottle is drop resistant up to 4ft making it ideal for sports and other fun activities
  • ADD TO CART: Once you’re done, collapse, clip and go. All elefunkie water bottle for kids come with a carabiner so you’ll never lose it. So CLICK ADD TO CART and take advantage of our 30 day money back guarantee and give them the perfect boys gift
Bestseller No. 14
Anpro Hovering Football Set, with Inflatable Football and Goal,Rechargeable Indoor Game Ball Set, Buoyancy Sport with Football Led Lights,Football Gifts for Boys and Girls
  • [Gorgeous sports toy set]: Anpro hovering football set contains a hovering football, an inflatable football, two football goals, a special inflatable pump, a USD charging cable and four suction cups; the ball needle is in the pump Inside the back cover, it will be safer and will not hurt children. Our hovering football has passed ASTM, HR4040, CPC, EN71, MSDS certification.
  • [Move by buoyancy]: The hovering football has a powerful built-in motor and fan to generate airflow, so that it can float on a smooth surface. The hovering football has a built-in lithium battery that is rechargeable, with a battery capacity of 1200 mAh. It can be played for about 35 minutes when fully charged, which is more environmentally friendly and convenient.
  • [Impact resistant design]: The edge of the ball is made of high-quality soft foam safety material, and the foam bumper is made of high-quality EVA ring material. The edge is not easy to burst, which can slow down the damage during exercise and protect it. Furniture. The straight tube at the bottom of the goal is stable with a suction cup and will not move easily.
  • [Colorful LED lights]: The hovering football is equipped with LED7 color lights. Colorful LED lights will bring more fun! It only needs a small space to play football with children at any time. It is a good choice for family games or children's games, and it can promote parent-child relationship.
  • [Exquisite gift for children]: Hovering football club is an ideal choice for children. It can arouse children's interest in football and cultivate sports habits. It is suitable for indoor activities and gatherings when you cannot go out. You can enjoy it easily PK battles and team competitions are fun, and you can play with multiple people!
SaleBestseller No. 15
World Football Stars Top Trumps Match Board Game
  • The Crazy Cube Game - World Football Stars Edition
  • Be the first to match five of your favorite footballers in a row – horizontally, vertically or diagonally
  • But wait! Can your opponent steal the game? Do they have the Top Trump card, can they take the match and win the game
  • Play with 15 of your favorite footballers including Harry Kane, Paul Pogba and Leo Messi
  • Easy to set up and pack away, Top Trumps Match comes in a handy self-contained plastic case - play anytime, anywhere
Bestseller No. 16
Liverpool FC Official Football Gift Mens Loungewear Short Pyjamas Large
  • Official LFC mens short pyjamas
  • Shorts with elasticated waist & club crest print
  • Garment Size (Chest): Sm. 38"; Med. 40"; Lge. 43"; XL 46"
  • Superb quality gift item
Bestseller No. 17
Football Activity Book: For Kids Aged 6-12 (Football Activity Books For Kids Aged 6-12)
  • Foundation, The Future Teacher (Author)
  • English (Publication Language)
  • 64 Pages - 09/25/2018 (Publication Date) - CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform (Publisher)
Bestseller No. 18
Tottenham Hotspur FC Official Gift Boys Sublimation Short Pyjamas Navy 10-11 yrs
  • Official THFC boys short pyjamas
  • Height: 2-3 yrs 98cm; 4-5 yrs 110cm; 6-7 yrs 122cm; 8-9 yrs 134cm; 10-11 yrs 146cm; 12-13 yrs 158cm
  • Round Neck Pyjama - Shorts 100% Cotton; Front: 100% Polyester; Back & Sleeves 100% Cotton; Full elasticated waist
  • V-Neck Pyjama - 100% Cotton; Full elasticated waist
SaleBestseller No. 19
World Football Stars Top Trumps Quiz Game
  • Quizzical World Football Stars fun with a Top Trumps Twist
  • Entertaining educational card game loved for bringing your favourite footballers to life
  • 500 puzzling and captivating questions that will test your knowledge and memory
  • Easy-to-carry plastic case means there are no limits on gameplay
  • Prepare to outsmart your opponents, discover new and exciting facts and duel your way to becoming the Top Trump
Bestseller No. 20
PIXHOTUL Football Party Supplies - Sports Theme Party Pack Decorations for Kid's Birthday Including Plates, Cups, Napkins, Invitation Cards, Tablecloth, Banner, Gift Bags and Balloons, Serves 12
  • VALUABLE PACKAGE: 12 x 9"(22cm) plates, 12 x 7"(18cm) plates, 12 x cups, 24 x table napkins, 12 x invitation cards, 12 x gift bags, 30 x balloons ( green, white, black 10pcs/color ), 1 x tablecloth, 1 x GOAL football banner, 4 x foil balloons.
  • SAFETY & GOOD MATERIALS: All of the products are 100% food grade, non-toxic and durable. Plates, cups, napkins, banners, gift cards are made of Eco-friendly white paperboard. Gift bags, table covers are BPA free plastics. The balloons are made of foil and latex.
  • PERFECT SIZE: The plates are 22cm / 9 inches and 18cm / 7 inches in diameter, the cups are 250ml, the napkins are 17 x 17cm, the invitation cards are 14 x 11cm, the gift bags are 25 x 16cm, the table cover is 180 x 110cm, the foil football balloons are 45cm in diameter, the latex balloons can inflate up to 30cm.
  • WIDE OCCASIONS: Football party can be arranged all kinds of places, such as school and home, outdoors and indoors. Using theses party packs to decorate your kid's football theme birthday party, football sports festival, catering, picnic, outdoor events and so on.
  • NO RISK PURCHASE: Add to Cart now! Satisfaction guarantee and 100% high quality. If you are not satisfied with it, please contact us by Email to get a full refund or new one.

Leave a Comment